Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term.
A woman under 35 has not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse.
A woman over 35 has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse.
A couple that has tried unsuccessfully to have a child after a certain period of time (often a short period, but definitions vary) is sometimes said to be sub fertile, meaning less fertile than a typical couple
A wide range of physical and emotional factors can cause infertility. Infertility may be due to problems in the woman, man, or both
In healthy couples under age 30 who have sex regularly, the chance of getting pregnant is about 25 - 30% per month. A woman's peak fertility occurs in her early 20s. After age 35 (and especially 40), the chances that a woman can get pregnant drops considerably.
When you should seek professional support for managing infertility depends on your age. It is recommended that women under 30 should generally try to get pregnant on their own for 1 year before exploring treatment options.
Infertility testing involves a complete medical history and physical examination of both partners. Blood and imaging tests are required. In women, this may include:
Tests in men may include in addition to above,
It is important to recognize and discuss the emotional impact that infertility has on you and your partner, and to seek medical advice from your health care provider.
You can increase your chances of becoming pregnant each month by having sex at least every 3 days before and during ovulation. It is especially important to do so 72 hours before ovulation begins. Ovulation occurs about 2 weeks before the next menstrual cycle (period) starts. If a woman gets her period every 28 days, the couple should have sex at least every 3 days between the 10th and 18th day after the period starts.
Treatment depends on the cause of infertility